& CHEMICAL ADDITIVES
ON THIS PAGE:
Goldfish, etc, & Chloramine
Distilled Water & Minerals
New Data - (Awaiting Verification)
http://www.chloramine.org/ - (anti-chloramine citizens group)
Google Search: Chloramine
www.rockymountnc.gov/utilities/importantinfoaquariums06-11-02.htm - a Government site
Chloramines are only harmful when they directly enter the bloodstream.
[THINK OF THE LIVER: they're relying on the human liver to filter out this poison that "kills animals." When the government's animals are concerned ( zoos, aquariums, fishing reserves, etc), THEN they talk of how "dangerous" chloramine is; Where HUMANS are concerned, it's "acceptable" - rj]
Because fish take chloramines directly from the water into their bloodstream, you will need to remove the chloramines from the water used by your fish and other aquatic animals.
Aquarium owners must remove the chloramine from their tap water because it is toxic to fish. Aging the water for a few days removes chlorine but not the more stable chloramine, which takes several weeks to evaporate.
Animals are sensitive to chloramine and it must be removed from water given to many animals in zoos.
Chloramine must be removed from the water prior to use in kidney dialysis machines, as it would come in contact with the bloodstream across a permeable membrane. However, since chloramine is neutralized by the digestive process, kidney dialysis patients can still safely drink chloramine-treated water.
To remove chloramine, an extensive carbon filter (to remove the chlorine part of the chloramine molecule) followed by a reverse osmosis or cation filter (to remove the ammonia).
The carbon filters must contain high quality granular activated carbon and you must allow for sufficient contact time of one minute or more.
CHARCOAL or GRANULATED ACTIVATED CARBON (GAC) can reduce chloramine concentrations of 1 to 2 mg/L to less than 0.1 mg/L. REVERSE OSMOSIS can follow this to remove carbon ["fines" (sic)]. Reverse Osmosis cannot be used by itself because chloramine will damage the membrane of the RO filter.
From PDF: www.sfwater.org/Files/FAQs/removal.pdf
Both chlorine and chloramine are death to fish. Chloramine can kill fish in several ways:
The Removal Of Chlorine, Chloramine or Ammonia:
These are the most toxic ingredients authorities add to tap water. "Although important to human health, they are deadly to fish and have to be neutralised." [Unbelievable! Revealing info from government sites (Australia): "Healthy" to humans, "deadly" to fish. - rj]
Distillation is the process in which water is boiled, evaporated and the vapour condensed. Distilled water is free of dissolved minerals. There are benefits to drinking distilled water when one is seeking to cleanse or detoxify the system - for short periods of time (a few weeks). The problem is that, because it is stripped of minerals, it leaches minerals from the bones.
Reverse osmosis water tends to be neutral and is acceptable for regular use provided minerals are supplemented.
Water filtered through a solid charcoal filter is slightly alkaline. Ozonation of this charcoal filtered water is ideal for daily drinking. Longevity is associated with the regular consumption of hard water (high in minerals). Disease is more likely to be seen with the long term drinking of distilled water.
"No Salt" by Morton is made primarily from Potassium Chloride. Try this when using distilled or Reverse-Osmosis water.
Chloramine requires a modified carbon called "catalytic carbon" [check this]. It possesses greatly enhanced capacity to catalyze, enabling it to REDUCE chloramine.
Google: +kidney +dialysis forum message "at home" +water +chloramine
Foster City Water Dept Coc - Boiling CANNOT remove chloramine